China The People’s Republic of China, or China, is the second largest country on the continent of Asia. It is home to over 1.3 billion people. This is the largest population of any country. China’s population is composed of 55 ethnic minorities and one majority, the Han culture. China’s landscape and wildlife are diverse, ranging from forests and mountains to rugged coastlines. China’s rare and endangered wildlife includes the giant panda, snow leopard, and tiger.